Escape velocity, in physics, is basically the speed needed to break free from gravity. The idea of escape velocity also surfaces in regard to startups; David Cummings says that, “For startups, escape velocity has to do with becoming the dominant vendor and growing indefinitely.”
I agree with David, if we are referring to VC backed startups, but bootstrappers have a very different notion of escape velocity. After almost 100 interviews on Growth Hacker TV, I have come to realize that a self-funded startup is not trying to reach a 10x return on a multi-million dollar investment.
Escape velocity for a bootstrapper might be freedom from the monthly bills, or freedom from a full-time job outside of their startup. Bootstrappers don’t need to escape from competition and become the “dominant vendor.” They require much less velocity because they are escaping a different kind of gravity.
This is an extremely important distinction because most of the growth advice online makes the assumption that everyone has venture capital. However, if you are self-funding your startup, here are four rules for reaching escape velocity as a bootstrapper: